Should wisdom teeth be removed?
Эта же статья на русском – Удаление зубов мудрости
This question is put by both dentists and the patients who face dentition. It may seem that ‘no wisdom teeth – no problems’, but many dentists still advise their patients to postpone their removal, because nowadays wisdom teeth are treatable. And extraction is not the only way out.
Wisdom teeth are also called “eights”, because if you count from the center of the dentition, their serial number will be 8. In total, there are four of them – two of which are located on the lower jaw and two – on the upper one. They got such a sonorous name due to the fact that their teething occurs much later than it happens with the rest of the teeth – at the age of 17-24. They may appear even later, but it is such a rare occasion.
Which problems may wisdom teeth lead to?
Very often, teething may occur sideways or occupy a transverse position towards the mandibular bone. This is due to the fact that they simply do not have enough space in the jaw – everything is occupied by other teeth. Such an incorrect position of the tooth causes discomfort in the mouth and irritates the gums. In addition, the “wrong and distant” tooth is difficult to clean – all this is an indication for its removal.
It harms neighboring teeth. Often, due to the inclination of the wisdom tooth, the root of the tooth standing in front of it can be destroyed , and this leads to its removal. Even worse may happen: the wisdom tooth growing at the angle, can displace several ahead standing teeth, thereby deforming the entire dentition. In addition to aesthetic problems, people who experienced the same, complain of constant pain in the jaw and headaches.
Dental caries. The distant position of these teeth makes their cleaning more complicated. As a result, this leads to the development of caries. Moreover, if the disease is ignored, it will quickly get to neighboring teeth with all the ensuing consequences.
These are the most common problems. Any of them is very serious. Experts recommend to remove wisdom teeth as soon as possible, without waiting for possible complications. It is best performed in adolescence (or at the teething stage). At that time, the tooth root is not fully formed and its extraction occurs quickly, painlessly and without consequences.
How to prepare for the wisdom tooth removal?
Wisdom tooth removal is not a scary event. But there are several things you can do to facilitate the procedure and healing.
Firstly, you should contact an expert. If your dentist performs this procedure no more than 3-5 times a month, we recommend you to call for a surgeon’s help.
Do not delay this procedure. Over time, the roots of the teeth become stronger, so removal can become more traumatic. The work of blood vessels in the jaw also worsens. Therefore, healing usually takes some longer time. There are also more chances for the development of cysts and abscesses.
How is the wisdom tooth removed?
Before the procedure, the dentist takes an X-ray to determine the location and structural features of the tooth. The operation itself takes place under local anesthesia and with no painful effect on the patient. Doctors have to find out if a patient is allergic to various drugs. After the analgesic works, the doctor removes the tooth with the help of special tools and, if necessary, proceeds to suturing. Basically, non-absorbable retention suture is used, that is easily removed a few days after the intervention. On average, the procedure of extraction may last from 10 to 15 minutes. Removing the upper wisdom tooth takes place a bit faster than of the lower 8. It depends on individual anatomical features.
Is it painful to remove a wisdom tooth?
Patients fear that a wisdom tooth will hurt while removing. That’s not true! It is possible that pain will occur after the operation on the wisdom tooth. The procedure itself will not cause any discomfort, as it is carried out under anesthesia. Pain after removal depends on the complexity of the operation. For example, the upper wisdom tooth is easier to get rid of, and there will be less pain. But the removal of the lower wisdom teeth is complicated by the fact that they often do not erupt. Then the operation lasts longer. And afterwards, probably you need to take painkillers.
Complications after wisdom teeth removal
The most common complication is so-called “dry hole.” It is right when a blood clot is formed at the site of the extracted tooth. It is wrong when it isn’t formed at once or it drops out of the hole later. This clot is a part of the healing process, and its absence slows down this process. “Dry hole” makes itself felt, two to three days after removal, a dull pain, accompanied by foul breath. If this happens, you should immediately contact your dentist – he will put a swab soaked in medicine on the place of the extracted tooth in order to reduce the level of pain and discomfort, and also protect against food debris and further infection of the empty hole.
Paresthesia is a consequence that occurs quite infrequently. This complication occurs when the wisdom teeth are located close to the jaw nerves and the nerve may be affected or damaged in the process of removal. As a result, the tongue, lips or chin may become numb. These sensations are similar to those that occur after the administration of anesthetic for pain relief, but they last longer – for several days, weeks, and in some cases months. But you should not worry – this condition passes without any consequences.
Recommendations after removing a wisdom tooth
The following simple rules will help you to avoid many complications. They must be strictly adhered to during the first few hours (days):
- During two hours after surgery, refrain from eating;
- Do not warm the cheek in the area of the extracted tooth;
- If the doctor prescribes gargling, do this procedure carefully, without any effort;
- Do not take a hot bath within 24 hours;
- Avoid eating hot food and drinks over the following 24 hours;
- Brush your teeth no earlier than 24 hours;
- Try to chew food on the opposite side;
- Do not touch the hole with your tongue or any objects.
Wisdom tooth extraction. Price
The cost of removing a wisdom tooth varies from a few hundred to several thousand dirhams. It depends on different factors: the position of the tooth in the jaw, the degree of its eruption from the gums and, as a consequence, the complexity of the operation. The exact price of wisdom tooth extraction can only be determined after consultation with a dentist. Email us on WhatsApp and we will respond as quickly as possible. You can also call and our specialists will kindly consult you.